Abdominal pain occupies the top ranks among the most common symptoms that cause people to seek medical help. Unfortunately, it only describes symptoms as “abdominal pain”, “stomach twist” sometimes still less specific. Your doctor may narrow the suspicion of your stomachache by considering the location of the pain.
Then, what does it mean if you complain about left abdominal pain?
What disease is characterized by left abdominal pain?
Pain on the left side of the abdomen can be caused by problems in organs and structures on the left side of the stomach as well as the influence of other organ problems located away from the stomach.
Upper left abdominal pain
1. Acute pancreatitis
Acute pancreatitis is a painful inflammation of the pancreas, located on the upper left side of your abdomen. Common complaints occur suddenly and cause pain in the upper abdominal area (or epigastrium). Pain often spreads to the back.
Acute pancreatitis may also involve other organs. This condition can also develop into chronic pancreatitis if you have persistent and persistent complaints.
Gastritis can occur when there is irritation in the stomach lining. Gastritis can be caused by H. pylori bacterial infection which can lead to injury. Certain painkillers and drinking too much alcohol can also cause gastritis. Symptoms include an upper left abdominal pain that is sore or burning (which may improve after eating), nausea and vomiting, and full upper abdominal feeling after eating.
Gastritis may occur suddenly (acute gastritis), or may occur slowly over time (chronic gastritis). In some cases, gastritis can cause ulcers and increased risk of stomach cancer. For most people gastritis is not serious and can quickly recover with treatment.
Angina is a term used for chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. Angina is a symptom of coronary artery disease. Angina is usually described as a thrill like a squeezed chest, or pressure, weight, tightness or pain in your chest. Angina, also called angina pectoris, can be a recurring or abrupt problem.
The symptoms of angina that women have may be different from the classic angina symptoms. For example, women will often show symptoms such as nausea, shortness of breath, left abdominal pain, or extreme fatigue, with or without chest pain. Or, they may feel discomfort in the neck, jaw, or back, or a piercing pain instead of the common chest press. This difference may cause delays in seeking treatment.
Angina is relatively common but can be difficult to distinguish from other chest pain, such as pain or discomfort from indigestion. If you have unexplained chest pain, seek immediate medical help.
Lower left abdominal pain
1. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the digestive system that attacks the colon, characterized by abdominal cramps, bloating, and gas discharge. IBS can also cause bowel movement problems, from constipation to diarrhea.
2. Ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a disease that causes inflammation of the gastrointestinal wall. The most commonly reported symptoms and complaints are abdominal pain and diarrhea, bloody and slimy stools. Defecation can relieve left abdominal pain. Other symptoms include fatigue, weight loss, anorexia, and fever.
UC can be debilitating and can sometimes lead to life-threatening complications. Although unknown the medication, treatment can greatly reduce the signs and symptoms of the disease, and even bring long-term remissions.
3. Kidney disease
Kidney stones are usually caused by too high levels of calcium or uric acid in the body. Dehydration can also be a cause of kidney stones. Common symptoms of this condition are lower left abdominal pain, fever, nausea, pain in the groin, and vomiting.
Lower left abdominal pain can also be caused by infection of the kidneys. Inflammation usually starts from the bladder and then spreads to the kidneys. Acute pain can also be felt with the desire to urinate constantly, the sensation of heat during urination, and hematuria (bloody urine) among other symptoms.
The diverticula is a small, bulging sac that can form in the lining of your digestive system. This sac is most commonly found in the lower part of the large intestine. Diverticles are a common condition especially after the age of 40, and rarely cause problems.
However, sometimes the diverticula can be inflamed and infected, until it even breaks. This inflammation is called diverticulitis. Diverticulitis can cause severe constant abdominal pain and persist for several days.
Usually, complaints of abdominal pain are felt on the left, but can occur on the right, especially in people of Asia. In addition to left abdominal pain, diverticulitis may also cause swelling in the lower left abdomen, fever, nausea, and major changes in your bowel habits (sporadic bloody diarrhea).
Lightweight diverticitis can be treated with rest, dietary and dietary changes, and antibiotics . Severe or recurrent diverticulitis may require surgery.
Hernia is a condition where the soft tissue, usually the intestine, sticking out through the weak or tearing part of the lower abdominal wall in the groin (inguinal hernia) or piercing the diaphragm (hiatal hernia). The resulting bulge can cause left abdominal pain, especially when you cough, bend, or lift heavy objects.
Sometimes, in men the pain and swelling spread to the vicinity of the testicles when the bowel bulges get down into the testicles. Hernia is not always dangerous.
However, this condition can not heal itself and can cause fatal complications if left untreated. The doctor may suggest surgery to repair a painful or enlarged inguinal hernia.
6. Ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts are the growth of benign tumors containing fluid that grows inside or on the surface of the uterus. Women have a single ovary pair – each the size of an almond nut – located on each side of the uterus. Many women have ovarian cysts at some point during their lifetime.
Most ovarian cysts produce little, or none at all, discomfort and harm. The majority of ovarian cysts disappear without treatment within a few months.
However, ovarian cysts – especially those that have ruptured – sometimes produce serious symptoms such as left abdominal pain or severe pelvic pain and sudden abrupt attacks, severe abdomen, or pain accompanied by fever or vomiting. These signs and symptoms – common symptoms that represent shock such as cold heat, moist skin; quick breath; and dizzy headaches or weaknesses – indicate an emergency and require immediate medical attention.
7. Ectopic pregnancy
Sudden left abdominal pain can be a result of ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy occurs when the embryo is embedded outside the uterus, usually inside the duct that connects the uterus and ovary aka the fallopian tube. This pregnancy belongs to a high-risk unprivileged pregnancy, and causes painful symptoms on the side where the pregnancy occurs, The pain occurs in the lower abdomen, lower back, and pelvis. In addition, it may be followed by nausea, abnormal vaginal bleeding, and breast tenderness. When there is an ectopic pregnancy concern, medical attention is justified.